One of the most basic questions that everyone needs to ask themselves before venturing out into the wilderness is what type of wilderness survival tools do I need to get me through this? This list of wilderness survival tools provides a broad range of different approaches for you to use which may help you maintain your life or that of a loved one when unfortunate situations strike.
The following items are considered “survival” tools, meaning they were designed with a general purpose in mind and are not typically used in every day life. Other items may be included depending on the circumstance and user preference.
The first step is to determine what environments you will be facing and whether or not you need to have special wilderness survival tools to deal with adverse weather conditions. A basic wilderness survival tools kit is a general collection of tools that can be assembled quickly and effectively help the user with general tasks needed to survive in the wilderness.
1. BOB (Bug Out Bag) – This is your “go bag” for all situations in which you are on the move, regardless of the length of time you plan on being away from base camp. It should always be packed and ready to go, so that in an emergency situation, you can grab your BOB and leave at a moment’s notice. The BOB must be capable of supporting your own weight.
2. FIRST AID KIT – This can be a small kit that contains the basic first aid supplies needed to treat minor cuts, scrapes, and burns. It may also include personal hygiene items such as toothbrush and toothpaste and one or two changes of clothing.
3. MATCHES & LIGHTING – Don’t forget to pack some matches, lighter fluid, and flashlights so that when the battery dies from a dead phone or GPS you can light a fire without wasting precious daylight hours. Also remember to bring along some kind of emergency shelter with you, such as a tent or hammock to sit in in more extreme conditions.
4. FOOD/WATER – Pack some non-perishable food and water for your trip. All the calories you burn while on the move can add up rather quickly, so don’t forget to pack some food for a couple days. A good rule of thumb to follow is that at least 3 days worth of food should be packed and ready to go in your BOB if you are going camping for any length of time.
5. SHELTER – This can be as elaborate as a tent or shelter, or as simple as a tarp or emergency blanket. On average you need 1 square foot of shelter per body.
6. FIRE – Fire is always an important part of any survival situation, whether it’s used for heat, light, cooking food, signaling for help, or simply to create a sense of comfort and home around you in the forest.
7. HATCHET – A hatchet is an all-around great tool that comes in handy when you need to chop down small trees for shelter, build firewood, and for self-defense against wild animals. You also need it for removing smaller branches from around your campsite so that your tarp doesn’t catch on fire from a fallen branch.
8. RAINCLOTH – This piece of gear is especially important if you are camping in a climate prone to heavy rain. A waterproof tarp can be used as a shelter, shade, ground cover, or even as part of an emergency shelter system.
9. WATERPROOF BAG – To avoid any problems with your gear becoming wet inside, remember to pack some waterproof bags so that you do not have to worry about ruining everything from condensation or precipitation. This may also come in handy if you want to take more than one thing out on an extended trip or hike.
10. MULTI-TOOL – When you need to get a job done, but don’t have the tools or materials available to do it, a multi-tool can often help get the job done. They are also compact and will fit into virtually any bag or pack you may be carrying with you.
11. SURVIVAL KNIFE – A fixed blade knife is an absolute must for any survival situation, regardless of what kind of kit you have in your BOB or on your person.
12. KITCHEN KNIFE – A pair of kitchen knives are an essential part of any survival kit. They can be used for a variety of different tasks, including cutting meat and fruit and preparing simple meals.
13. RAZOR – A razor is another important tool to have on hand for both shaving and cutting just about anything that you may need to do.
14. BICYCLING BUTT PLATE – This unique piece of gear was designed especially for cyclists that will need to carry extra weight while on the road or trail, which makes it perfect as an item to pack in a backpack when you are cycling frequently.
15. POUCH – A pouch is an easy way to add additional gear to the bottom of your pack without adding extra weight. You can use these pouches for a variety of different purposes, including acting as a water and food storage compartment, carrying extra medical supplies, or holding additional survival tools.
17. SELLOTAPE – Sellotape is an important item to pack into your kit because it can be used as tape or string when you are trying to repair damaged items or build makeshift shelters, clothing, or other equipment.
18. ANTIBACTERIAL TOILET PAPER – It’s important to keep yourself clean in the wild so that diseases and infections won’t spread easily should they occur. Toilet paper is an essential part of staying clean, and with antibacterial properties it can help reduce the risk of infection at the same time.
19. MULTI-TOOL SCREWDRIVER – A multi-tool screwdriver can come in handy for a variety of different tasks, including as a weapon or for defensive purposes.
20. TENT STAKES – Tent stakes are an important tool to have on hand if you want to secure your tent and ensure that it doesn’t get blown away in poor weather conditions.
21. LIGHTER – A lighter is very important because it can be used for a variety of different things, including starting fires and creating smoke signals. You should have one on you at all times when you are in the wilderness or trying to survive off of the land.
22. FISHING KIT – A fishing kit is an essential item to pack along with you if you are trying to live off of the land. These kits include a variety of different types of lures, bait, and other items that will help you catch fish whenever you need it.
23. WATERPROOF COMPASS – Wilderness survival can be a challenge if you aren’t familiar with the area or if there are no signs for navigation. A waterproof compass will help point the way back to civilization whenever necessary.
You can also use a simple button compass if you prefer not to spend the money on a more expensive model. Just remember that these compasses use only magnetic north and are not always accurate when precise navigation is needed.This survival wilderness tool is definitely a must.
24. CRANK FLASHLIGHT – Crank flashlights are a nice alternative to traditional flashlights since they can be used for a variety of different situations, including as a backup source of power should the power go out at home. Adding one to your survival kit is an excellent idea.
25. MULTI-PURPOSE ROPE – A multi-purpose rope is an essential item to keep in your survival kit because it can be used for a variety of different tasks, including setting up camp and building shelter and securing cargo on boats and ships.
26. SEALED BOTTLE OF WATER – Water can be a valuable source of energy and water will help provide you with vital nutrients and hydration, especially if you are outdoors for any length of time.
27. BANDANA – A bandana can be used to assist in first aid situations, including cleaning wounds and applying pressure to serious injuries. They also make effective compressions in a variety of different situations like when you’re bleeding from a gash or if there is severe external bleeding such as from a bee sting or snake bite.
28. WRENCH – For adjusting or tightening things like bike gears, items in your pack, etc. but can also be used to unclog a corked bicycle or wine bottle.
29. TOOTHPICKS/CRAYON – If you’re stuck in a situation where you need something other than your hands to cut or extract yourself from something, use a toothpick or crayon to break the surface tension of the material that’s holding you up.
The above survival widerness tools are what you need to prepare in order, as the most important ones.