Survival

Afghanistan monies abusive militias as US military ‘ignores’ situation, officials say

Foreign donor fund goes to Afghan spy agency, which arms groups intended to fight Taliban but some militia leaders instead target local officials

The US military and the CIA are turning a blind eye as Afghanistans spy agency spends foreign donor money on militias which are perpetrating human rights abuses that help destabilise the fragile country, according to local and western officials.

The Afghan national directorate of security( NDS) limbs strongmen ostensibly to fight the Taliban and other activists. But some militia leaders use their new power to opposed local turf wars, including against elected government officials, rather than insurgents.

One such commandant, Perim Qul, in the northern province of Takhar, has received about $85,000( 70,000) to arm 500 men. However, he allegedly spends part of that fund on a private prison where he beats and extorts local people. His men have even ambushed and killed a local politician.

One evening in July, Perim Quls humen incarcerated a human named Najib as he was relaxing outside the hotel he owns. After several days beating, Najib said he would acquiesce to their a requirement for money and asked for a phone to request the $3,000 they demanded. Instead, he called police, who rescued him.

Najib sent photos of his bruised back and legs to the provincial prosecutor, and got one of his tormentors arrested.

I have no enmity with Perim Qul. I am only a simple hotel owner, Najib said.

That kind of justice, though minor, is rare in Rustaq district.

Qul, a 55 -year-old war veteran with no official title, has been running Rustaq like a fiefdom for over a decade. Local residents say he has opposed any attempt including by the government to assert authority there. To pay his men, he allegedly coerces civilians.

So when the Afghan government last year approved Quls request to enrol in its anti-Taliban militia program, many local people were concerned. Hundreds protested outside the district government house. Contemporary western security reports obtained by the Guardian warned that strengthening Quls militia could add to violence, crime and territorial rivalries.

Qul got money for 500 men. In reality, police officials believe, he commands up to 1,500.

Meanwhile, “theres only” 35 national police officers to maintain security in the entire district, told Gulistan Samadi, a former district police chief.

I dont believe in these uprising groups. They are irresponsible. They dont care about the government, Samadi said. They are kidnappers, robbers and killers. They are worse than the Taliban.

Shortly after Qul received the spy bureau fund, his men ambushed a vehicle carrying a local contender, the provincial council member Aynuddin Rustaqi, killed one bodyguard and abducted him. Rustaqi was eventually released, but a few months later, he was less fortunate.

Afghan
Afghan militia humen create their weapons as they stand guard in the Achin district of Nangarhar province east of Kabul, Afghanistan. The NDS limbs groups in opposition to the Taliban and other activists. Photo: Mohammad Anwar Danishyar/ AP

In April, an argument between the legislator and the strongman turned violent, according to witnesses and western security analysts. After two militia members were killed, Rustaqi saw himself surrounded in the local government headquarters by 200 armed humen. During a more than two-hour standoff , no government forces intervened, and Rustaqi was eventually killed alongside three supporters and another person.

The government cant stop them because they dont have the force, said Najib, the hotel owner.

Rustaqi was a vocal critic of the governments arming of irregular militias. His son said he was a victim of nothing more than a brutal show of force.

For 13 years Perim Qul has tried to run for provincial council, but he doesnt have public supporting. Now, he has a lot of armed men, said Ahmad Jawad, the son.

In an interview, Perim Qul admitted that his chief adversary was not the Taliban, whom he was paid to fight. It was the local governing political party.

We will oppose alongside any group to get rid of the oppression of Jamiat, he said, referring to the Tajik-majority party in the north, which he tells discriminates against people of other ethnicities. We dont care if its Taliban or Isis. If anyone throws a stone at our foe, we will fight with them.

Qul said he was not out to unseat the governmental forces. If the government provides security and asks us to put down our weapons, we will disarm, he said.

The People Uprising program is reminiscent of a controversial local police strategy, ALP, initially introduced by the US military to build village-level resistance to the Taliban and help foreign forces withdraw from Afghanistan. However, the ALP has been largely criticised for employing child soldiers, abusive behaviour, and creating fertile ground for armed opponent such as the Taliban.

While the US does not immediately support Peoples Uprising groups, the militias are bankrolled by the National Directorate of Security and the bulk of NDS funding is believed to come from the CIA.

In the past, the CIA has operated paramilitary Afghan divisions responsible for killing civilians. More lately, the Washington Post has reported that the CIA also monies and operates alongside ruthless militias in the Afghan east.

A spokesman for the CIA refused to comment.

The Afghan government said it worked with a lot of precaution when supporting Peoples Uprising groups. It insisted that the program had been effective in most of the cases, told Haroon Chakhansuri, a presidential spokesman.

The NDS officially declined to comment, but a local NDS official in Takhar province said the allegations against Perim Qul in this article were founded.

While the US military said it did not money the Afghan intelligence agency, it did support the army and police, whose jobs become more difficult when violence flares up. Yet, international forces-out claim to not discuss the militia program with the Afghan government.

Its only not a topic were engaging the governmental forces on, told Charles H Cleveland, the international coalitions spokesman. Its a sovereign nation; they attain sovereign decisions. Cleveland did not consider militia leaders like Qul undermining security.

I have not insured any hard facts to support what youre telling, he said. But Ill award you, you can go anywhere in Afghanistan and find almost anything.

However, an informed alliance staff member said the US military was fully aware of Perim Quls activities but turned a blind eye, perhaps because the regular Afghan forces were stretched so thin they depended on vigilante militias.

They are not dismissing it out of ignorance. They are ignoring it with intent, he said.

The same reasoning might apply to the Afghan government, which is mired in political crisis and a long-running war.

As one western official set it: While the government is busy in Kabul, Perim Qul is carving out his own little empire.

Read more: www.theguardian.com

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